Women and Rural Local Governments
Keywords:Political Participation, Awareness, Women, Panchayats, Reservation, Empowerment, Local Governments, Equality, women participation
Political participation and awareness of women in rural local governments is essentially the process of upliftment of economic, social and political status of women, the traditionally underprivileged ones, 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution, thus making the Panchayats as ‘institutions of self- government’. The 73rd Amendments can be seen as landmark in the Indian Women’s Movement as it secures 33% reservation of seats for the Indian rural women. However it needs to be kept in mind that the reservation in India has been introduced in a scenario marked by Illiteracy, Male dominance, Casteism Deep rooted cultural beliefs, Values which do not encourage women’s assertion. In the society finally, the paper will look into the dynamism of the process whereby women Political participation and awareness is achieved through legislation or women participation in the Panchayati Raj Institutions. The Panchayati Raj system has been playing an important role for development of the social economic and political life of the rural Women representation of rural politics. Village is the basic unit of social life in India. This is fact that more than three-fourth Indian population still lives in the villages. The concern of the government for the life, liberty and prosperity of the rural masses, soon after independence, was reflected in various measures adopted by it to better their lot. As a matter of fact, the prominent leader’s freedom struggle such as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Jai Prakash Narian indicated that the major task of Independent India would be to take democracy to the grass-roots level and to involve the rural masses in the task of national reconstruction. According to Mahatma Gandhi, true democracy could not worked by twenty men sitting at the Centre. It has to be worked out from below by the people of every village.
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