Biochemical Composition In The Muscle Tissue Of Tilapia Mossambica Infected With Metazoan Parasites In Polluted Water Of Estuarine Industrial Area

Main Article Content

M. Devarajan,
N. Ganapathy,
Jothi Narendiran. N


Fish is an excellent source of protein of high biological values. The nutritional value of the diet is measured by the presence of necessary element and catalyst (vitamins and mineral) and auxiliary food. Investigations regarding the protein content of the fish and fish products have been initiated as early as 19th century. The last three decades have seen significant developments in farming of Tilapia mossambica worldwide. They are being farmed in about 85 countries worldwide (FAO, 2008). Metazoan parasites play very important and diverse role in aquaculture operations, that are extremely adverse and may result in complete production loss. Nutritive values of fish meat also greatly reduced.

Article Details

How to Cite
M. Devarajan, N. Ganapathy, & Jothi Narendiran. N. (2017). Biochemical Composition In The Muscle Tissue Of Tilapia Mossambica Infected With Metazoan Parasites In Polluted Water Of Estuarine Industrial Area. Research Inspiration, 2(II), 38–44. Retrieved from


Almeida JA, Novelli EL, Dal Pai Silva M, Junior RA 2001. Environmental cadmium exposure and metabolic responses of the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Environ Pollut. 114 (2): 169-175.

AOAC-2000- Association of Official Analytical Chemists.

Bedii and Kenan. 2005. The effects of Cadmium on levels of glucose in serum and glycogen reserves in the liver and muscle tissues of Cyprinus carpio (L., 1758); Turk. J.V. Vet. Anim.Sci., (29): 113-117.

Chandrasekar,A., Rao P. and Abidi, A.B. 2004. Changes in muscle biochemical composition of Labeo rehita (Ham) in relation to season. Indian J. Fish., 51(3): 319-323.

Chowdary MJ, Pane EF, Wood CM. 2004. Physiological effects of dietary cadmium acclimation and waterborne cadmium challenge in rainbow trout: respiratory, ionoregulatory, and stress parameters. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol., 139(1-3): 163-173.

Das, H.P. 1978. Studies on the grey mullet, Mugil cephalus (Linnaeus) from the Goa waters. Ph.D Thesis Submitted to University of Bombay, 223:6.

Du Bois, Michel; Gilles. K. A; Hamilton J. K; Rebers P.A and Smith. F 1956.Colorimetric method fordetermination of sugars and related substances. Anal.Chem., 28(3) 350-356.

FAO-2008: Food and Agricultural Organization. The State of the world Fisheries and Aquaculture -Report 2008.

Folsch J; Lees M; Sloane Stanley GH 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J.Bio. Chem . 226(1) 497-509.

Ho, B.T. and Paul, D.R. 2009. Fatty acid profile of Tra Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus). Compared to Atlantic Salmon (Salmo solar) and Asian Seabass (Lates calcurifer) International Food Reasearch Journal 16:501-506.

Kordyl, E. 1951. Chemical composition of the Baltic cod nd herring in realtion to degree of sexual maturity. Proc. Morsk. Inst. Ryb. Gdyni., 6:145-158.

Love, R. M. 1957. The Biochemical composition of fishes “In the Physiology of fishes” (Ed. Brown, M.E.) Academic Press. London and N.Y. Vol. I:401-418.

Love, R.M. 1958., Studies on the North Sea Cod – III. Effects of starvation. J. Sci. Fd. Agric., 9:617-620.

Love. R.M.,I. Robertson and I. Strachan. 1968. Studies on the North Sea cod-IV. Effects of starvation. 4. Sodium and potassium. J. Sci.Fd. Agric., 19:415-422.

Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L., and Randall, R.J. (1951) J.Biol.Chem 193: 265 (The original method).

Lund E.D; Sullivan C.V., Place A.R. 2000. Annual cycle of plasma lipids, proteins in captive reared stripped bass. Fish physiology and Biochem. 22(3): 263-275.

Marcogleise D.J., Brambilla, LG., Gagne, F., Gendron, A.D. 2005. Effects of parasitism and pollution in oxidation stress biomarkers in yellow perch (Perca flavescens). Disease of aqu. Org. Joint. 63(1) 77-84.

Mc Cay, C.M. and A.V. Tunison. 1936. Cartland Hatchery Report No. 5 New York State Cons. Dept. U.S. Bur. Of fish and Cornell Univ.

Men, L.T., Thanh, V.C., Hirata, Y. and Yamasaki, S. 2005. Evaluation of the Genetic Diversities and the Nutritional Values of the Tra (Pangasius hypophthalmus) and the Basa (Pangasius bocourti) catfish Cultivated in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 18:671-676.

Parulekar, A. H. 1964. A study on Bregmaceros mc clellandi (Thompson) Ph.D Thesis Submitted to University of Bombay.

Philips, A.M., D.L.Livingston and R.F. Dumas. 1960. Effect of starvation and feeding on the chemical composition of brook trout. Prog. Fish. Cult., 22:147-154.

Plana. S, G. Sinquin, P. Maes, C. Paillard, M.Le Pennec. 1996. Variations in biochemical composition of juvenile Ruditapes philippinarum infected by a Vibrio sp. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 1.24: 205-213.

Ramaiyan, V., Paul A.L., and Pandian, T.J. 1976. Biochemical studies on the fishes of the order clupeiformes. J.Mar. Biol. Assoc. India, 18(3) : 516-524.

Satti Reddy, K. 1992. Comparative studies on the ecology and biology of Mystus species (Telecostei: Bagriolae) from Mehadrigedda stream of Visakhapatnam. Ph.D. Thesis submitted to the Andhra University, Waltair, India.

Shamsan E.F. and Z.A . Ansari. 2010. Biochemical composition and caloric content in sand whiting Sillago sihama (Forsskal), from Zuari Estuary, Goa Indian J. Fish., 57(1); 61-64.

Waagbo R., K. Sandnes, S. Eespelid Lee. 1998. Hematological and biochemical analysis of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., suffering. Journal of Fish Diseases. 11-417-423.