Finance or Revenue Administration in The Chahamanas Dynasty

Authors

  • Dr. Vishwanath Verma

Keywords:

Administration, Finance Or Revenue, Chahamanas Dynasty, Medieval period, Sources of Government Revenue

Abstract

The scope of this subject is fairly wide and hence only a modest treatment of its various aspects could be attempted in the following pages. Ruling dynasties are bound to face many ups and downs in the course of their long history, and this is all the more so in case of the Chahamanas, who had their origin, as a political power, in an age of struggle and whose growth and development was beset with various political and social upheavals in the country. However, the divinity of kingship, though exalted in theory, was very much different in practice in India. The person of a pious king was no doubt said to be sacred and sometimes he was defiied as a ruler also, but a wicked king was always described to be a devil incarnate. The Hindu thinkers made it crystal clear that the divinity of kingship did not imply that a king was immune from vices, but, on the contrary, he had more pit-falls, if he deviares from his ‘Dharma’ (royal duties), he is doomed to destruction. He, therefore, generally followed the code of conduct as laid down in the sacred texts. The Räjabhāga or the king's share in the land produce was the main source of income to the state. This was probably called Bhāga- kara or simply Kara or Udranga which varied according to the quality of land from one-twelfth to one-third of the produce. The general practice in vogue appears to have been to realise only one-sixth of the gross produce and it was perhaps on account of this that the revenue collectors were commonly called the Shashthādhikrita. The kingdom abounded in forests and forest produce, and their ownership was claimed by the State. They were either let out or sold by the government, and when- ever any transference of forests was made, lesser officers, called Chata, were informed of it through royal grants so that they might perform their duties accordingly. 

References

Rajatanagini, VIII, p.733; Dr A. S. Altekar: Prachina Bhartiya Shasana Paddhati, 1947, p. 51.

Prithviraja Vijaya,VIII, p. 57-58.

Manu, VIII, p.5; Vishnu Purana,I, p.13-14., Bhagavat Purana,IV, p.13 & 23.

Narada Smriti, p. 17 &26; Markandeya Purana, p. 27; Agni Purana, p. 16.

Hayes: Political and Cultural History of Europe,Vol.I,p.291.

Prithviraja Vijaya, VIII, p.35.

Sukra,I, p. 87. Narada is only writer who held him God incarnate on this earth. (Narada:18 & 31)

Manu, VII,P. 28 & 45.

Epigraphia India, Vol. XII, p. 204.

Manu,VIII, p. 130.

Dr. A. S. Altekar: Prachina Bhartiya Shasana Paddhati, 1947, p. 195.

Sukra, p. 4.

Epigraphia India, Vol. XII,p. 204.

Rajatanagini, VIII, p.733; Dr. A. S. Altekar: Prachina Bhartiya Shasana Paddhati,1947, p. 51.

Prithviraja Vijaya, VIII, p. 57-58.

Manu, VIII, p.5; Vishnu Purana,I, p.13-14., Bhagavat Purana,IV, p.13 & 23.

Narada Smriti, p. 17 & 26; Markandeya Purana, p. 27; Agni Purana, p. 16.

Hayes: Political and Cultural History of Europe,Vol.I, P.291.

Prithviraja Vijaya, VIII, p.35.

Published

30-06-2021

How to Cite

Dr. Vishwanath Verma. (2021). Finance or Revenue Administration in The Chahamanas Dynasty. Research Inspiration: An International Multidisciplinary E-Journal, 6(III), 19–23. Retrieved from http://researchinspiration.com/index.php/ri/article/view/121

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