Minimization Of Industrial Waste Water Containing Heavy Metals On Environment


  • R.P. Prajapati
  • Rashmi Singhai


Heavy metals, Industrial wastewater treatment, Removal, Innovative techniques


Green chemical science recognizes the concept of developing innovative environmentally benign technologies to protect human health and ecosystems. In order to explore this concept for minimizing industrial waste and for reducing the environmental impact of hazardous chemicals (heavy metals).  Innovative processes for treating industrial wastewater containing heavy metals often involve technologies for reduction of toxicity in order to meet technology-based treatment standards. This article reviews the recent developments and technical applicability of various treatments for the removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater. A particular focus is given to innovative physico-chemical removal processes such as, adsorption on new adsorbents, membrane filtration, electrodialysis, and photocatalysis. Their advantages and limitations in application are evaluated. It is evident from survey that new adsorbents and membrane filtration are the most frequently studied and widely applied for the treatment of metal-contaminated wastewater. However, in the near future, the most promising methods to treat such complex systems will be the photo catalytic ones which consume cheap photons from the UV-near visible region. They induce both degradation of organic pollutants and recovery of metals in one-pot systems. . In general, the technical applicability, plant simplicity and cost-effectiveness are the key factors in selecting the most suitable treatment for inorganic effluent.


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How to Cite

R.P. Prajapati, & Rashmi Singhai. (2020). Minimization Of Industrial Waste Water Containing Heavy Metals On Environment. Research Inspiration: An International Multidisciplinary E-Journal, 5(II), 01–09. Retrieved from